Temperatures, humidity, rain and cyclones in Cuba
For your geographical position, Cuba is located at a latitude very close to the Tropic of Cancer, which determines the reception of high values of solar radiation throughout the whole year, determining the warm character of its climate. In addition, it is on the border between the tropical circulation and tropical bonus, being influenced by both seasonal basis.
In the season that runs roughly from November to April, changes in weather and climate become more noticeable, with abrupt changes in daily time, associated with the passage of frontal systems (winter) and May to October, on the contrary, few variations occur over time, with more or less marked the North Atlantic anticyclone (summer) influence. But more interesting is that Cuba has an average of 330 sunny days a year.
The average annual temperature is 25°C (77°F), the average winter temperature is 20°C (68°F) and summer is 26-27°C (78.8-80.6°F). The minimum temperatures vary between 1°C (33.8°F) and 8.5°C (47.3°F) in the west of the country and between 3°C (37.4°F) and 12.5°C (53.6°F) in the eastern part; the highest recorded temperatures are between 36°C (96.8°F) and 38°C (100.4°F).
The rainy season runs from May to October. Rainiest months are September and October, which usually fall very abundant but short downpours. The average annual rainfall is 1,375 mm.
The relative humidity is high, averaging around 80%. The generally above 90%, daily highs occur at sunrise, while the minimum down at noon, up to 50-60% within the country.
We recommend you bring comfortable clothing. If you plan to go mountain adds to your luggage a good jacket and mosquito repellent lotion. In principle, shorts, shirts and sunscreen will be what you use most. If you go in rainy season, perhaps it is not more a raincoat and a sweater. To go out at night in cities, a shirt and shoes are enough for the most elegant sites.
Tropical Cyclones in Cuba
The season with major frequency of tropical cyclones in our geographic area is called hurricane season, which begins June 1 and runs through November 30.
The average affectation to Cuba by a hurricane is one every two years. Most of these hurricanes are low intensity, Category 1, with 53% of cases, while 28% are in category 2, moderate intensity, and 23% is of great intensity, Category 3, 4 or 5. Havana has been hit by 35% of the hurricanes that have crossed Cuba in the last 203 years.
In Cuba there is now a developed system of forecasts and warnings of any dangerous weather phenomenon as well as a civil defense system capable of efficiently protect the lives of our citizens and visitors.